I. Three branches of phonetics

  • Articulatory phonetics: production
  • Acoustic phonetics: physical properties
  • Auditory/Perceptual phonetics: perception

II. Speech organs(*figure 2.2 on p26)

  • Three Cavities: ØOral cavity ØNasal cavity ØPharyngeal cavity

III. International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA)

  • Otto Jesperson; published in 1888
  • to symbolize the sounds of all languages
  • “one and only one
  • definition of diacritics?

IV. Classification of consonants(*table 2.1 on p34)

  • The distinction between consonants and vowels lies in the obstruction of airstream.
    (consonants-obstruction; vowels: no obstruction)

1. Manners of articulation

ØStop/plosive
ØNasal
ØFricative
ØAffricate
ØApproximant
ØLateral

2. Places of articulation

ØBilabial
ØLabio-dental
ØDental
ØAlveolar
ØPost-alveolar
ØPalatal
ØVelar
Øglottal

3.Voiced or voiceless

V. Classification of vowels(*table 2.2 on p35)

  • Criteria

 


2 条评论

Superme · 2018年10月27日 下午7:25

初学语言学,觉得有些发音很有趣,也会自己去尝试,竟然发不出来,哈哈哈哈哈哈

    Rebecca · 2018年10月27日 下午9:05

    嗯确实有点意思,但是有的音英语和中文里都没有所以就不会发

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